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              英國作業 美國作業 加拿大作業

              The color application of Chinese ancient architecture

              論文價格: 免費 時間:2022-05-31 13:10:41 來源:www.eanhe.com 作者:留學作業網

                  1 Introduction 介紹

              中國古代建筑具有傳統悠久的歷史和輝煌成就。古建筑藝術也往往是藝術鑒賞的對象。該論文研究了古代建筑的色彩理論,分析了從中國古代建筑的色彩角度的表現,然后通過典型實例(紫禁城)來具體的分析總結結論。Chinese ancient architecture has a long history of tradition and glorious achievements. Ancient architectural art is also the object of Art Appreciation. The papers studies the ancient architecture in perspective of color theory, analyzing color performance in the Chinese ancient architecture, and then through typical instance (Forbidden City) coming to the specific analysis conclusion.


                  2 Color applications in ancient architecture建筑色彩應用在古代

                  2.1 Color attributes色彩屬性

                  從心理學角度來說顏色被分為紅色,黃色,綠色和藍色,也稱為四種基本顏色。通常紅 - 綠,黃 - 藍稱為心理補色。白色來源于四原色,黑色也混入從其它顏色。紅,黃,綠,藍,白,黑是基本的心理色彩的感覺。觀察到顏色的使用在日常生活中很大程度上受到心理因素的影響,即,心理色覺的形成。例如,紅色象征熱情,性感,權威,自信,能量充沛的色彩。但有時給人一種血腥,暴力,嫉妒的感覺;黃色高亮度可刺激與焦慮有關的大腦區域,具有警示(Southfield的,MI2003)的效果。

              故宮有金黃色的琉璃瓦頂,其下是綠色調的裝飾畫,行紅柱紅門窗低于屋檐,整個宮殿位于白石底座搭配深灰色鋪筑地面之上??傮w而言,故宮的色彩效果的色彩效果是明確和堅定的。The color is psychologically divided into red, yellow, green and blue, called four basic colors. Usually red - green, yellow - blue are called psychological complementary color. White comes from the four primary colors, black is also mixed from other colors. Red,yellow, green, blue, white and black are the basic psychological color feeling. Color observed in everyday life is heavily influenced by psychological factors, that is, the formation of the psychological color vision. For example, red symbolizes passion, sexy, authoritative, confident, abundant energy color. But sometimes it gives people the feeling of gore, violence, jealousy; yellow with high brightness can stimulate the area of the brain associated with anxiety, has the effect of warning (Southfield, MI2003).

                  Forbidden City has golden glazed tile roof, under which is the decorative paintings of green tones, rows of red columns and red doors and windows are below the eaves, the whole palace is located on top of the white stone pedestal with dark graypavingground. Overall, the color effect of Forbidden City color effect is clear and strong.

                  Most of the buildings adopt yellow roof and red body, it is related with the color attributes.Yellow is one of the five colors. In ancient doctrine of yin and yang, the five-color match with five parties and five elements, earth is located in center,thus, yellow is thecentral color. The red gives hope and meet, engendering a sense of beauty, so the public will be red also as a festive color. In such perspective, the Forbidden City takes the red and yellow as the main color is inevitable according to the feudal society of the ritual.

                  2.2 Color contrast色彩對比

                  The color layout of Forbidden City is scientific. Emperor requires the building gorgeous, as far as possible to reflect the power and majesty of the feudal emperors.Thus, the color of the buildings used color contrast techniques.

                  In color science, the contrast is the warm and cold contrast and complementary color contrast. The complementary color is what two kinds of shade mixed stack to become white, or reconciling the two colors together into a gray and black, the shade or color is referred as complementary colors, such as red and green, yellow and purple, blue and orange. By combining cold and warm colors or complementary colors together, it can play off each other's role, making them appear more vivid and lively, the effect is more visible and prominent. Moreover, because of the regulatory role of the human vision, the two contrasting colors will be balanced (Southfield, MI2003).

                  The color contrast is widely applied in the Forbidden City building. Under the blue sky the buildings is decorated with the same color of yellow glazed tile roof, green paintings and scarlet palace walls, the white stone base and dark ground, forming a blue and yellow, green and red, white and the stark contrast, the overall color effect of building is extremely distinctive and. 

                  There is also another way to reconcile the warm and cold colors contrast, which is the use of black and white. The objects completely absorbthe natural light and reflect as black while the total reflection shows as white, black, they can be put together with any other color without being abrupt, making other colors graced in the painting and clothing. China's ancient craftsmen also used the contrast in the Forbidden City. In the Juanqin Lent, eaves and beams are mainly painted with green color, with strong and stiff contrast with the red pillars and doors.Here, in addition to the green pane and tempera with a red color, the black is especially used. Both ends of the tempera are painted with black ink line, inhead of the veranda is black door frame. Although this doorframe in red pillars seemed more prominent, it coordinated with the above joist made, playing the role of the transition in the two parts of the strong contrast tone.


                  2.3 Color culture色彩文化

                  The color of the building also contains a wealth of cultural connotation. The generation and development of color reflects the historical process of the development of human life and consciousness. In feudal China, the architectural color has a strict hierarchy. The architectural colors have their own maverick characteristics in a certain ideologies (Wendy, B 1998,Mubeen, M2006). The Confucian makes "benevolence" as the core idea, trying to use the "Confucianism" to regulate the society, the color has also become a ritual system specification. The Confucian makes red, yellow, green, white, black as orthophotography, thus forming the traditional Chinese five-color system.

                  Architectural color level requires a complete set theory: roof of the palace should be yellow which is the most distinguished, dedicated to the emperor authorized the construction; the main building of the temple can be painted in red, secondary timbered is painted with green, thus, the Forbidden City buildings  mainly adopt red and yellow.

                  3 Conclusions總結

                  The paper analyzed the color theory application in Chinese ancient architecture. The color performance of the architecture was showed. Different kinds of color design skills was used in the architecture design, not only a beautiful style of the architecture was showed, but also the culture of Chinese performed in the design.


                  Southfield, MI2003, Color in Architecture: Design Methods for Buildings, Interiors, and Urban Spaces. McGraw-Hill,USA.

                  Wendy, B 1998, Culturability: The Merging of Culture and Usability, viewed 03Feb 2013r

                  Mubeen, M2006.Are You Selling the Right Colour? ACross-cultural Review of Colour as aMarketing Cue, Journal of Marketing Communications.Vol.12, pp15-29.


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