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              Commerce coursework范文:Benefits of Women Entrepreneurship

              論文價格: 免費 時間:2022-06-29 16:44:04 來源:www.eanhe.com 作者:留學作業網

              Commerce coursework范文-女性創業的好處。本文是一篇留學生Commerce專業方向的coursework格式范文,主要內容是通過分析婦女約占世界總人口的一半。印度也是如此。因此,他們被視為社會的另一半。在傳統社會中,他們被限制在房屋的四面墻上進行家務活動。在現代社會,他們走出四面墻,參加各種各樣的活動。全球證據表明,女性在學術、政治、行政、社會工作等不同領域的活動中表現出色?,F在,他們也開始涉足工業,并成功地經營自己的企業。因此,需要探討印度女企業家創業發展。下面請參考Commerce coursework范文的全部內容。

              coursework范文

              Women constitute around half of the total world population. So is in India also. They are therefore regarded as the better half of the society. In traditional societies, they were confined to the four walls of houses performing household activities. In modern societies they have come out of the four walls to participate in all sorts of activities. The global evidences prove that women have been performing exceedingly well in different spheres of activities like academics, politics, administration, social work and so on. Now they have started plunging into industry also and running their enterprises successfully. Therefore while discussing on entrepreneurial development of women entrepreneurs in the country.

              Al through small businesses owned by women have traditionally focused on fashion , fond and other services sector, but recently women entrepreneurs have been moving rapidly into manufacturing, construction and other industrial filed. Women owned business are lightly increasing in the economics of almost all countries. The hidden entrepreneurial potential of women have gradually been changing with the growing sensivity to the role and economic status in the society. It means women have the potentials, skill, knowledge and adaptability to run a business successfully.

              傳統上,女性擁有的小型企業一直專注于時尚、娛樂和其他服務行業,但最近,女性企業家迅速進入制造業、建筑業和其他工業領域。幾乎所有國家的經濟中,女性擁有的企業都在輕微增長。隨著人們對社會角色和經濟地位的日益敏感,女性隱藏的創業潛力正在逐漸改變。這意味著女性擁有成功經營企業的潛力、技能、知識和適應能力。

              Meaning And Definitions 含義和定義

              Women entrepreneur is a person who accepts challenging role to meet her personal need and become economically independent. There are economical, social, religious, cultural and other factors existing in the society which responsible for the emergency of the entrepreneurs.

              女企業家是一個接受挑戰性角色以滿足個人需要并在經濟上獨立的人。社會中存在著經濟、社會、宗教、文化等因素,這些因素導致了企業家的出現。

              “Women entrepreneur refers equally to someone who has started a one women business to someone who is a principal in family business or partnership or to someone who is shareholder in a public company which she runs”.

              “女企業家同樣是指已經開始一家女性企業的人、家族企業或合伙企業的負責人或她經營的上市公司的股東”。

              The Government of India has defined a women entrepreneur is ” an enterprise owned and controlled by a women having a minimum financial interest of 51% of the capital and giving at least 51% of the employment generated in the enterprise to women “.

              印度政府將女企業家定義為“由女性擁有和控制的企業,其最低財務利益為資本的51%,并將企業創造的就業機會的至少51%提供給女性”。

              Advantages Of Female Entrepreneurs 女性企業家的優勢

              Social Networking. 社交網絡

              Let’s face it-women are natural networkers. They love to talk, mingle, and rub elbows. This is the very reason why husbands rarely ever manage the social calendar. In today’s business environment, mastering social media is mandatory, and the ladies absolutely have a leg up!

              讓我們面對現實吧,女性是天生的人際網絡成員。他們喜歡交談、交往和摩擦手肘。這就是為什么丈夫很少管理社交日歷的原因。在當今的商業環境中,掌握社交媒體是必須的,女士們絕對有優勢!

              Intuition.直覺

              They call it “women’s intuition” for a reason.Women in general can size up another person much faster than her male counterpart. In today’s ultra-fast paced business environment, you need the ability to quickly identify the allies and the enemies. Regardless if you are a male or female, you need to trust your gut.

              他們稱之為“女性的直覺”是有原因的。一般來說,女性比男性更容易判斷他人。在當今快節奏的商業環境中,您需要快速識別盟友和敵人的能力。無論你是男性還是女性,你都需要相信自己的直覺。

              Pain Tolerance.他們稱之為“女性的直覺”是有原因的。一般來說,女性比男性更容易判斷他人。在當今快節奏的商業環境中,您需要快速識別盟友和敵人的能力。無論你是男性還是女性,你都需要相信自己的直覺。

              Okay, initially I would have said this is irrelevant. But after watching my children be born, there is no question that my wife can handle a lot more pain than I can. And I am not just talking physical pain, I mean emotional, too (have you seen how tough children can be on their mothers?). In business, there are a lot of painful moments. A lot. Women definitely have an advantage in this area.

              好吧,一開始我會說這無關緊要。但看著我的孩子們出生后,毫無疑問,我的妻子能承受比我更多的痛苦。我說的不僅僅是身體上的痛苦,我也指情感上的痛苦(你看到孩子們對母親有多嚴厲嗎?)。在商業中,有很多痛苦的時刻。很多。女性在這方面絕對有優勢。

              Multi-tasking.多任務

              Women are known for juggling many tasks at the same time and still being able to produce excellent results. Conversely, the guys are masters at focusing on one thing. Still, the advantage in today’s distracting environment goes to women.

              眾所周知,女性同時完成許多任務,但仍能取得優異的成績。相反,這些人擅長專注于一件事。盡管如此,在當今分散注意力的環境中,女性還是占了上風。

              Patience.耐心

               Women inherently seem to have more patience. And in today’s business environment, patience is key! Aggressive business strategies are not paying off like they once did. Slow and steady wins the race in this category.

              女性天生似乎更有耐心。在當今的商業環境中,耐心是關鍵!激進的商業策略并沒有像過去那樣獲得回報。慢而穩贏得這一類別的比賽。

              Listening.聆聽

              A friend of mine went to buy a new bed at a small bedding store owned by a husband and wife team. The female owner approaches my friend and asked all kinds of questions about why they needed a new bed, if they could fix their old bed, what else they were considering, etc. She asked questions and listened closely. She clearly showed that she cared about helping to meet their needs. My friend was moments away from buying any bed that she recommended. But just then, the frustrated husband on the sales team ran up and said “let me handle this.” Then he just tried to hard close the sale. He was pushy, telling them what he recommended and what they had to have. Guess what? The sale was lost the second he began speaking! They walked out. I am sure he blamed her, but it was him. The key is to ask questions and really listen. Quite frankly, any great sales person knows this, man or woman, it just seems that the ladies are naturally better at doing it.

              我的一個朋友去一家夫妻團隊開的小床上用品店買了一張新床。女主人走近我的朋友,問了各種各樣的問題,比如為什么他們需要一張新床,他們是否能修好舊床,他們還考慮了什么,等等。她問了一些問題,仔細地聽著。她清楚地表明,她關心幫助滿足他們的需要。我的朋友馬上就要買她推薦的床了。但就在那時,銷售團隊中沮喪的丈夫跑過來說:“讓我來處理這件事?!比缓?,他只是努力完成銷售。他很有進取心,告訴他們他推薦什么,他們必須要什么。你猜怎么著?他一開口說話,拍賣就失敗了!他們走了出去。我肯定他責備了她,但那是他。關鍵是提出問題并認真傾聽。坦率地說,任何一個偉大的銷售人員都知道這一點,無論是男人還是女人,似乎女人天生就擅長做這件事。

              Problem/Disadvantages Of Female Entrepreneurs 女性企業家的問題/劣勢

              Women Entrepreneurs encounter two sets of problems i.e. general problems entrepreneurs and problems specific to women entrepreneurs. These are discussed follows

              女企業家遇到兩組問題,即一般問題企業家和女企業家特有的問題。下面將討論這些問題

              Finance 資金

              Finance is regarded as life blood for any enterprise be in big or small. However women entrepreneurs suffer from shortage of finance on two counts. Firstly women do not generally have property on their names to use them as collateral for obtaining funds from external sources. So that access to the external sources funds is limited. Secondly the banks also consider women less credit-worthy and discourage women barrowers on belief that they can at any time leave their business.

              無論企業大小,財務都被視為企業的生命線。然而,女企業家在兩個方面面臨資金短缺。首先,婦女的名字上一般沒有財產,不能用來作為從外部獲得資金的抵押品。因此,獲得外部資金來源的渠道受到限制。其次,銀行還認為女性的信用價值較低,并勸阻女性酒吧老板相信她們可以隨時離開自己的企業。

              Scarcity Of Raw Materials 原材料短缺

              Most of the women enterprises are plagued by the scarcity of raw materials and necessary inputs. Added to this are high prices of raw materials, on the one hand and getting raw material at the minimum of discount on the other. The failure of many co-operatives in 1971

              大多數女性企業都受到原材料和必要投入短缺的困擾。此外,一方面原材料價格高,另一方面以最低折扣獲得原材料。1971年許多合作社的失敗

              engaged in based making is example how the scarcity of raw material sounds the death knell of enterprises run by women.

              從事基礎制造業就是一個例子,原材料的匱乏敲響了女性經營企業的喪鐘。

              Male Dominated Society 男性主導的社會

              The constitution of India speaks of equality between sexes. But in practice women are looked upon as abla i.e.Weak in all respects. In male dominated Indian society, women are not treated equal to men. This turn serves as a barrier to women entry into business.

              印度憲法談到兩性平等。但實際上,女性被視為abla,即在各個方面都很弱。在男性占主導地位的印度社會,女性的待遇與男性不平等。這一轉變成為女性進入商界的障礙。

              Lack Of Education 缺乏教育

              In India around 60% of women are still illiterate. Illiteracy is the root cause of socio- economic problem. Due to the lack of education women are not aware of business, technology and market knowledge. Also lack of education causes low achievement motivation among women. 

              在印度,大約60%的女性仍然是文盲。文盲是社會經濟問題的根源。由于缺乏教育,女性不了解商業、技術和市場知識。此外,缺乏教育導致女性成就動機低下。

              Market Oriented Risk 市場導向風險

              A number of women have to face the challenges of market because of stiff competition. Many business women find it difficult to capture the market and compete with their product. They are not fully aware of the changing market conditions.

              由于激烈的競爭,許多女性不得不面對市場的挑戰。許多女商人發現很難占領市場并與她們的產品競爭。他們沒有完全意識到不斷變化的市場狀況。

              Motivational Factors.動機因素

              Successful businessmen can be self motivated through setting up a mind and taking up risk and accepting social responsibilities on shoulder. The other factors such as family support government policies financial assistance etc. are also important to set up business.

              成功的商人可以通過樹立思想、承擔風險和承擔社會責任來自我激勵。其他因素,如家庭支持、政府政策、財政援助等,對創業也很重要。

              Lack of Confidence 缺乏信心

              Women lack confidence in their strength and competence. The family members and the society and reluctant to stand beside their entrepreneurial growth

              婦女對自己的力量和能力缺乏信心。家庭成員和社會不愿意與他們的創業成長站在一起

              Training Programs 培訓計劃

              Training programs are essential to new rural and young entrepreneurs who wish to set up a small and medium scale unit. The programs enrich the skill and potential of women entrepreneur.

              培訓計劃對于希望建立中小型單位的新農村和年輕企業家來說至關重要。這些項目豐富了女性企業家的技能和潛力。

              Present Position Of Women Entrepreneurs 女企業家的現狀

              Out of the total 940-48 million people in India in the 1990’s of the female comprise of 465% of the total population. There are 126.48 million women work force (representing 28.9% of the female population) but as per the 1991 census only 185900 women accounting for only 4.5% of total self employed persons in the country were recorded. Majority of them are engaged in the un organized in the unorganized sectors like agriculture, agro based industries, handicrafts, handloom and cottage based industries. As per the 2001census report, there are of women workers of the total working population including formal as well as informal sector. In the era of L.P.G (Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization) the Indian women entrepreneurs are very fast entering the non -traditional sectors. Which indeed is in response to their greater awareness.

              20世紀90年代,印度總人口為9.4億至4.8億,其中女性占總人口的465%。有1.2648億女性勞動力(占女性人口的28.9%),但根據1991年的人口普查,僅記錄了185900名女性,僅占全國自營職業者總數的4.5%。他們中的大多數人從事聯合國組織的無組織部門,如農業、農產工業、手工藝品、手織機和家庭手工業。根據《2001年共識》報告,在包括正規部門和非正規部門在內的總勞動人口中,女工人數為。在L.P.G(自由化、私有化、全球化)時代,印度女企業家正迅速進入非傳統行業。這確實是對他們更高意識的回應。

              Five Business Challenges Women Entrepreneurs Face and How to Overcome them 女企業家面臨的五大商業挑戰及其克服方法

              Cultural Value 文化價值觀

              The first entrepreneurial challenge women entrepreneurs face is that of cultural value or tradition. This challenge is more profound on women entrepreneurs in Africa; where the cultural value entails that the man/husband be the bread winner. A woman exhibiting her entrepreneurial prowess is presumed as wanting to take over the leadership role of the husband.

              女性企業家面臨的第一個創業挑戰是文化價值或傳統。這一挑戰對非洲女企業家來說更為深刻;其中,文化價值意味著男性/丈夫是贏家。人們認為,一個表現出創業能力的女性想要接管丈夫的領導角色。

              This challenge also surfaces in families where the husband/father is an entrepreneur. The male children are usually groomed on running the family business and carrying on after the demise of the father while the female children are usually left out of this entrepreneurial grooming process.

              這一挑戰在丈夫/父親是企業家的家庭中也會出現。男性子女通常是在經營家族企業并在父親去世后繼續經營的過程中培養出來的,而女性子女通常被排除在這一創業培養過程之外。

              To overcome this entrepreneurial challenge,you must be prepared to breakthrough this limiting tradition; you must stick to what you believe in.

              要克服這一創業挑戰,你必須準備突破這一限制性傳統;你必須堅持你的信仰。

              Societal Discrimination 社會歧視

              The next challenge women face in business is societal discrimination. Most people still live with the mentality that certain businesses or tasks are better handled by men. Have you ever come across a female auto mechanic, plumber, mason or welder? What was your first reaction?

              女性在商界面臨的下一個挑戰是社會歧視。大多數人仍然抱著這樣一種心態,即某些業務或任務最好由男性來處理。你有沒有遇到過女性汽車修理工、水管工、泥瓦匠或焊工?你的第一反應是什么?

              You must have screamed “what the hell is a woman doing with such occupation.” Well, I have done it countless times. The truth is that we often assume women are generally incompetent in certain fields of life. People would rather deal with a business man than a woman. Why? The reason is because it’s believed that the men are born to do it.

              你一定在尖叫“一個女人做這樣的職業到底在干什么?”嗯,我已經做過無數次了。事實是,我們經常假設女性在生活的某些領域通常不稱職。人們寧愿與商人打交道,也不愿與女人打交道。為什么?原因是人們相信男人生來就是要這樣做的。

              You might think this challenge is uncommon; wait until you lose a business deal or contract just because you are competing with male counterparts. The only solution to handling the challenge of societal discrimination is to develop a tough skin towards criticism. Stop seeing your feminine gender as a weakness; see it as a strength, and prove yourself by striving to outperform your male competitors.

              你一定在尖叫“一個女人做這樣的職業到底在干什么?”嗯,我已經做過無數次了。事實是,我們經常假設女性在生活的某些領域通常不稱職。人們寧愿與商人打交道,也不愿與女人打交道。為什么?原因是人們相信男人生來就是要這樣做的。

              Lack Of Investor’s Confidence 投資者信心不足

              The third challenge women entrepreneurs face when starting a business is the challenge of raising capital. Investors naturally give less consideration to business women and I can’t really pinpoint the reason for this. It’s easier for business man to raise capital than a woman; except such a woman has proved her competence and credibility over time. Women entrepreneurs generally find it difficult to raise capital or obtain a bank loan because investors and bankers would rather risk their venture capital with male entrepreneurs than females.

              Now how do you overcome such challenge? The answer is persistence. You must keep asking for what you want; irrespective of the amount of rejections you get. You must press on while selling yourself on why you should be trusted.

              現在你如何克服這樣的挑戰?答案是堅持。你必須不斷地問自己想要什么;不管你被拒絕的數量有多大。你必須堅持下去,同時向自己推銷為什么你應該被信任。

              Balancing Business And Family 平衡企業和家庭

              The fourth business challenge women entrepreneurs face is that of balancing business and family. Women naturally are the backbone of the family; they lay the building blocks on which the family foundation is built. So often times, women entrepreneurs usually find themselves torn between commitment to the family and business.

              女性企業家面臨的第四個商業挑戰是平衡商業和家庭。女性自然是家庭的中堅力量;他們奠定了家庭基礎的基石。很多時候,女企業家通常會發現自己在對家庭和企業的承諾之間左右為難。

              Now how do you handle such challenge? The answer lies in time management and delegation. These two keys are essential to balancing your act and building a successful home alongside a family.

              現在你如何應對這樣的挑戰?答案在于時間管理和授權。這兩個關鍵點對于平衡你的行為和建立一個成功的家庭至關重要。

              Stress Due To Competition And Business Routine 競爭和商業慣例帶來的壓力

              The last but not the least challenge women face in business is the stress and stiff competition associated with running a business. The entrepreneurial process of building a business from scratch entails hard work, commitment and persistence. Business is a game of dog eat dog; to survive, you have to be tough.

              女性在商界面臨的最后但并非最不重要的挑戰是與經營企業相關的壓力和激烈競爭。從頭開始建立企業的創業過程需要努力工作、承諾和堅持。生意是一場狗咬狗的游戲;為了生存,你必須堅強。

              As a woman in business, you might find yourself going head to head with competition and fulfilling your business tasks; and this might lead to fatigue. When confronted with such challenge, you have to use the art of delegation and time management to your advantage. Get the tedious business tasks off your neck and concentrate more on the core issues at hand.

              作為一名商界女性,你可能會發現自己與競爭對手勢均力敵,完成自己的商業任務;這可能會導致疲勞。當面對這樣的挑戰時,你必須運用授權和時間管理的藝術來發揮你的優勢。擺脫繁重的業務任務,將精力更多地集中在手頭的核心問題上。

              How to Develop Women Entrepreneurs 如何培養女企業家

              Right efforts on from all areas are required in the development of women entrepreneurs and their greater participation in the entrepreneurial activities. Following efforts can be taken into account for effective development of women entrepreneurs.

              在發展女企業家和讓她們更多地參與創業活動方面,需要從各個領域作出正確的努力。為了有效發展女企業家,可以考慮作出以下努力。

              Consider women as specific target group for all developmental programmers.將女性視為所有開發程序員的特定目標群體。

              Better educational facilities and schemes should be extended to women folk from government part.應向政府部門的女性提供更好的教育設施和計劃。

              Adequate training programmed on management skills to be provided to womencommunity.為女性社區提供足夠的管理技能培訓。

              Encourage women’s participation in decision-making. 鼓勵婦女參與決策。

              Vocational training to be extended to women community that enables them to understand the production process and production management. 將職業培訓擴展到婦女社區,使她們能夠了解生產過程和生產管理。

              Skill development to be done in women’s polytechnics and industrial training institutes. Skills are put to work in training-cum-production workshops. 在女子理工學院和工業培訓機構進行技能培養。技能在培訓和生產車間中發揮作用。

              Training on professional competence and leadership skill to be extended to women entrepreneurs.對現有女企業家進行大規模培訓和咨詢,以消除缺乏自信和害怕成功等心理原因。

              Training and counseling on a large scale of existing women entrepreneurs to remove psychological causes like lack of self-confidence and fear of success. 對現有女企業家進行大規模培訓和咨詢,以消除缺乏自信和害怕成功等心理原因。

              Counseling through the aid of committed NGOs, psychologists, managerial experts and technical personnel should be provided to existing and emerging women entrepreneurs. 。持續監控和改進培訓程序員

              Continuous monitoring and improvement of training programmers. 持續監控和改進培訓程序員

              Activities in which women are trained should focus on their marketability and profitability.對婦女進行培訓的活動應側重于她們的適銷性和盈利能力。

              Making provision of marketing and sales assistance from government part. 政府部門提供營銷和銷售援助。

              To encourage more passive women entrepreneurs the Women training programmed should be organized that taught to recognize her own psychological needs and express them.

              為了鼓勵更多被動的女性企業家,應該組織女性培訓計劃,教會她們認識自己的心理需求并表達出來。

              What Makes Women Entrepreneurs Different from Men?是什么讓女性企業家不同于男性?

              Over the past few years, there has been a surge in business startups by female entrepreneurs. Today I’m going to discuss how the way women run things may be a bit different from how men play the game.

              在過去幾年中,女性創業者創辦的企業數量激增。今天我要討論的是,女性的運作方式可能與男性的游戲方式有所不同。

              Strong Focus On Values 高度重視價值觀

              It’s not that men don’t put values in the front lines of their company, but most women entrepreneurs make it the number one priority over everything else. According to Margaret Heffernan, who recently wrote How She Does It: How Women Entrepreneurs Are Changing the Rules of Business, women think about what their business will stand for before they start planning anything else.

              Al through small businesses owned by women have traditionally focused on fashion , fond and other services sector, but recently women entrepreneurs have been moving rapidly into manufacturing, construction and other industrial filed. Women owned business are lightly increasing in the economics of almost all countries. The hidden entrepreneurial potential of women have gradually been changing with the growing sensivity to the role and economic status in the society. It means women have the potentials, skill, knowledge and adaptability to run a business successfully.

              coursework范文在最后強調這并不是說男性不把價值觀放在公司的第一線,而是大多數女性企業家把價值觀放在首位?,敻覃愄亍ず崭ツ希∕argaretHeffernan)最近寫道,她是如何做到這一點的:女性企業家是如何改變商業規則的,女性在開始規劃其他事情之前,會先考慮自己的企業將代表什么。傳統上,女性擁有的小型企業一直專注于時尚、娛樂和其他服務行業,但最近,女性企業家迅速進入制造業、建筑業和其他工業領域。幾乎所有國家的經濟中,女性擁有的企業都在輕微增長。coursework范文總結隨著人們對社會角色和經濟地位的日益敏感,女性隱藏的創業潛力正在逐漸改變。這意味著女性擁有成功經營企業的潛力、技能、知識和適應能力。本站提供各國各專業coursework寫作指導服務,如有需要可咨詢本平臺。


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